Isotonix® Vitamin C
Single Bottle (90 Servings)
$0.95 AUD Cashback
This product qualifies for free or flat-rate cost shipping. Learn More
- Promotes optimal immune functions
- Provides antioxidant protection
- Helps with the symptomatic relief of allergies*
- May reduce the severity and duration of colds †
- Prevention/treatment of vitamin C deficiencies
- Aids in the maintenance or improvement of general well being
- May assist in the management of upper respiratory tract infections*†
- May assist in the management of rhinitis*
- May help increase joint mobility associated with arthritis
- May assist in blood and peripheral circulation
- Protects capillaries/maintains health of capillaries
- For the symptomatic relief of sore gums*/helps in the development and maintenance of gums
- Supports healthy eye function/maintenance of healthy eyes
- Helps relieve nervous tension, stress and mild anxiety*
- May assist in the management of anxiety and stress disorders*
- May assist in the management of minor wounds (cuts, scratches, abrasions)
- May assist in the management of varicose veins *
- One serving supplies 500 mg of vitamin C, the equivalent of seven oranges, 16 lemons, or six grapefruits
- This vegetarian product contains no added wheat, soy, yeast, gluten, artificial flavour, salt, preservatives or milk
- Offered with the fastest and most efficient delivery system of all nutraceuticals
*If symptoms persist, consult your healthcare practitioner. †Not to be used in children under two years of age without medical advice.
Gluten-Free - the finished product contains no detectable gluten (<10ppm)
Vegetarian - Isotonix Vitamin C is a vegetarian product
Isotonic-Capable Drinkable Supplements - easy-to-swallow supplements in liquid form are immediately available to the body for absorption
Why Choose Isotonix Vitamin C?
Fuel your immunity with the world’s most popular vitamin – vitamin C! Vitamin C is an antioxidant and plays a significant role in a variety of metabolic functions. It strengthens the immune system and helps in the synthesis of bones, cartilage, teeth and gums. It also helps with skin and eye health. Only Isotonix offers vitamin C using isotonic delivery, providing maximum nutrient absorption. Isotonix Vitamin C is an isotonic-capable dietary supplement made with a combination of vitamin C, beta-carotene and potassium in a delicious natural orange flavour.
The most convincing evidence suggesting the need for vitamin C supplementation is based on the fact that humans are incapable of producing vitamin C in their bodies. Isotonix Vitamin C contains 500 mg of vitamin C to help with your immune system to give your body that added boost during cold season. One serving supplies 500 mg of vitamin C, the equivalent of seven oranges, 16 lemons, or six grapefruits. It is great for the symptomatic relief of allergies, may reduce the severity of colds, is to be used for the prevention of vitamin C deficiencies, and to improve the general wellbeing among others. The two most important factors when searching for quality nutritional supplements are potency and absorption.
Our Isotonix Vitamin C sets itself apart from other products on the market by providing you with the maximum nutrient absorption in the shortest amount of time via our patented Isotonix delivery system. The liquid composition of Isotonix Vitamin C places vitamins and minerals like Vitamin C in an optimal position for absorption, ensuring a superior delivery to the body’s systems to support a healthy immune system and provide antioxidant protection to the body.
Isotonix Delivery System
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
The best food sources of vitamin C include all citrus fruits (oranges, grapefruit, lemons and tangerines), strawberries, tomatoes, broccoli, brussel sprouts, peppers and cantaloupe. Vitamin C is a "fragile" vitamin and can be easily destroyed by cooking or exposure of food to oxygen. Vitamin C contributes to the protection of cell constituents from oxidative stress, in addition to increasing iron absorption. Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation and the normal function of bones, teeth, cartilage, gums, skin and blood vessels. Vitamin C contributes to the normal function of both the immune and nervous systems. Vitamin C contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism and it may contribute to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue. Vitamin C contributes to the regeneration of the reduced form of vitamin E, and it also contributes to normal psychological functions.
Beta Carotene (Vitamin A Precursor)
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that is part of a family of compounds including retinol, retinal and beta-carotene. Beta-carotene is also known as pro-vitamin A because it can be converted into vitamin A. The best sources of vitamin A include organ meats (such as liver and kidney) egg yolks, butter, carrot juice, squash, sweet potatoes, spinach, peaches, fortified dairy products (such as milk and some margarines) and cod liver oil. Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of vision, skin, and mucous membranes. It contributes to the normal function of the immune system, normal cell differentiation and it has a role in the process of cell specialisation.
What is the RDI of Vitamin C? Does Isotonix Vitamin C provide the RDI?
The RDI for the average adult male and female is 40 mg a day. Yes, Isotonix Vitamin C contains 500 mg of vitamin C per serving, which is an optimal amount for immune system maintenance. In times of illness or distress it may be helpful to supplement with a higher serving size of vitamin C.
Who needs to supplement with Isotonix Vitamin C Formula?
Basically, everyone over 18 should use Isotonix Vitamin C because our bodies do not make vitamin C and very few of us get the recommended servings of fruits and vegetables in our daily diets. Those who may especially need supplemental vitamin C include the elderly, those with weakened immune systems, smokers, those under heavy amounts of stress, those with cardiovascular conditions and athletes.
Is it possible to take too much Isotonix Vitamin C Formula?
Ascorbic acid is extremely safe even at relatively high levels (because most of the excess is excreted in the urine). At high doses (over 1000 mg/day), some people can experience gastrointestinal side effects such as stomach cramps, nausea, and diarrhoea. It is recommended that you take vitamin C supplements in gradual servings throughout the day to achieve maximum benefits.
How do I take Isotonix Vitamin C?
Pour 1 level, white bottle capful (3.3 g) of powder into the clear overcap. Add water to the line on the overcap (60 ml) and stir. As a dietary supplement, take once daily or as directed by your healthcare provider. Maximum absorption occurs when taken on an empty stomach. This product is isotonic only if the specified amounts of powder and water are used.
Are there any allergens with Isotonix Vitamin C?
This is a vegetarian product and contains no added wheat, soy, yeast, gluten, artificial flavour, starch, salt, preservatives or milk.
- Addison WLT, The use of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium bromide and potassium bromide in cases of arterial hypertension which are amenable to potassium chloride. Can Med Assoc J. 1928; 18:281-285.
- Allende LM, Corell A, Madrono A, Gongora R, Rodriguez-Gallego C, Lopez-Goyanes A, Rosal M, Arnaiz-Villena A. Retinol (vitamin A) is a cofactor in CD3-induced human T-lymphocyte activation. Immunology. 1997 Mar;90(3):388-96
- Amin A. Berberine Sulfate antimicrobial activity, bioassay and mode of action. Can J Microbiol 1969;15.
- Awad AB, Fink CB. Phytosterols as anticancer dietary components: Evidence and mechanism of action. J Nutr 2000;130:2127-2130.
- Bates CJ. Vitamin A. Lancet. 1995; 345:31-35.
- Bauer R, Jurcic K, Puhlmann J, Wagner H. Immunological in-vivo and in-vitro examinations of echinacea extracts. Arzneimittel-Forsch 1988;38:276-81.
- Bauer R. Echinacea: Biological Effects and Active Principles. Phytomedicines of Europe: Chemistry and Biological Activity. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society 1998:140-57.
- Bendich A. Antioxidant vitamins and human immune responses. Vitam Horm 1996;52:35-62:35-62.
- Benedikt H. Arabinogalactans: New immune boosting fiber. Natural Pharmacy 1999;3(6).
- Bodinet C, Beuscher N. Antiviral and immunological activity of glycoproteins from echinacea purpurea radix. Planta Medica 1992;57.
- Bouic P, Lamprecht J, Clark A, et al. Beta-sitosterol and beta-sitosterol glucoside as immune modulators: their clinical applications in infectious diseases. April 18, 2000. Unpublished Work.
- Braunig B. Echinacea purpurea radix for strengthening the immune response in flu-like infections. Zeitschrift fur Phytotherapie 1992;13:7-13.
- Brody S, Preut R, Schommer K, Schurmeyer TH. A randomized controlled trial of high dose ascorbic acid for reduction of blood pressure, cortisol, and subjective responses to psychological stress. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2002;159:319-24.
- Cappuccio FP, MacGregor GA. Does potassium supplementation lower blood pressure? A meta-analysis of published trials. J Hypertens. 1991; 9:465-473.
- Carr A, Frei B. Does vitamin C act as a pro-oxidant under physiological conditions? FASEBJ. 1999; 13:1007-1024.
- Carr AC, Tijerina T, Frei B. Vitamin C protects against and reverses specific hypochlorous acid- and chloramine-dependent modifications of low-density lipoprotein. Biochem J. 2000; 346 Pt 2:491-496.
- Chandra RK. 1990 McCollum Award lecture. Nutrition and immunity: lessons from the past and new insights into the future. Am J Clin Nutr 1991;53:1087-101.
- Chapter 5—Vitamin C. In: Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. A Report of the Panel on Dietary Antioxidants and Related Compounds, Subcommittees on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients and Interpretation and Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes, and the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. National Academy Press:Washington, DC, 2000, pp. 95-185.
- Cooke MS, Evans MD, Podmore ID, et al. Novel repair action of vitamin C upon in vivo oxidative DNA damage. FEBS Lett. 1998; 439:363-367.
- Cosgrove J. Immune support-granting immunity. New ingredients join familiar favorites in the charge for immune enhancement. Nutritional Outlook 2000;41:4.
- Daudu PA, Kelley DS, Taylor PC, Burri BJ, Wu MM. Effect of a low beta-carotene diet on the immune functions of adult women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994 Dec;60(6):969-72.
- Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press; 2000.
- Duffy SJ, Gokce N, Holbrook M, et al. Treatment of hypertension with ascorbic acid. Lancet. 1999; 354:2048-2049.
- Elitsur Y, Neace C, Liu X, Dosescu J, Moshier JA. Vitamin A and retinoic acids immunomodulation on human gut lymphocytes. Immunopharmacology. 1997 Jan;35(3):247-53.
- Enstrom JE, Kanim LE, Klein MA. Vitamin C intake and mortality among a sample of the United States population. Epidemiology. 1992; 3:194-202.
- Fang J, Madhavan S, Alderman MH. Dietary potassium intake and stroke mortality. Stroke. 2000; 31:1532-1537.
- Fay MJ, Bush MJ, Verlangieri AJ. Effect of aldonic acids on the uptake of ascorbic acid by 3T3 mouse fibroblasts and human T lymphoma cells. Gen Pharmacol. 1994; 25:1465-1469.
- Fay MJ, Verlangieri AJ. Stimulatory action of calcium L-threonate on ascorbic acid uptake by a human T-lymphoma cell line. Life Sci. 1991; 49:1377-1381.
- Friedman PA, Zeidel ML. Victory at C. Nature Med. 1999; 5:620-621.
- Futoryan T, Gilchrest BA. Retinoids and the skin. Nutr Rev. 1994; 52:299-310.
- Gamble J, Grewal PS, Gartside IB. Vitamin C modifies the cardiovascular and microvascular responses to cigarette smoke inhalation in man. Clin Science. 2000; 98:455-460.
- Gromova EG, Sviridova SP, Kushlinskii NE, et al. Regulation of the indices of neuroendocrine status in surgical patients with lung cancer using optimal doses of ascorbic acid. Anesteziol Reanimatol 1990;5:71-4 [in Russian].
- Halliwell B. Vitamin C: poison, prophylactic or panacea? Trends Biochem Sci. 1999; 24:255-259.
- Harakeh S, Jariwalla RJ, Pauling L. Suppression of human immunodeficiency virus replication by ascorbate in chronically and acutely infected cells. Proc Natl Acad SciUSA. 1990; 87:7245-7249.
- Harding JJ, Hassett PC, Rixon KC, et al. Sugars including erythronic and threonic acids in the human aqueous humor. Curr Eye Res. 1999; 19:131-136.
- Hemila H, Douglas RM. Vitamin C and acute respiratory infections. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999; 3:756-761.
- Hemilä H. Vitamin C intake and susceptibility to pneumonia. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1997;16:836-7.
- Hemila H. Vitamin C intake and susceptibility to the common cold. British Journal of Nutrition 1997;77:59-72.
- Hermans JJ, Fischer MA, Schiffers PM, Struijker-Boudier HA. High dietary potassium chloride intake augments rat renal mineralocorticoid receptor selectivity via 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999; 1472:537-549.
- Hermansen K. Diet, blood pressure and hypertension. Br J Nutr. 2000; 83 Supp1:S113-S119.
- Hodison T, Socaciu C, Ropan I, Neamtu G. Carotenoid composition of Rosa canina fruits determined by thin-layer chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. J Pharmaceut Biomed Anal. 1997; 16:521-528.
- Hornero-Méndez D, Minguez-Mosquera MI. Carotenoid pigments in Rosa mosqueta hips, an alternative carotenoid source for foods. J Agric Food Chem. 2000; 48:825-828.
- Hunt C, Chakravorty NK, Annan G, Habibzadeh N, Schorah CJ. The clinical effects of vitamin C supplementation in elderly hospitalized patients with acute respiratory infections. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 1994;64:212-9.
- Hwang J, Peterson H, Hodis HN, et al. Ascorbic acid enhances 17 beta-estradiol-mediated inhibition of oxidized low density lipoprotein formation. Atherosclerosis. 2000; 150:275-284.
- Ip C. Interaction of vitamin C and selenium supplementation in the modification of mammary carcinogenesis in rats. J Nat Cancer Inst. 1986; 77:299-303.
- Jacob RA. Vitamin C In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, Ross AC, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 9th ed. Baltimore, MD: William and Wilkins; 1999:467-483.
- Jacobson SG, Cideciyan AV, Regunath G, et al. Night blindness in Sorsby's fundus dystrophy reversed by vitamin A. Nature Gen. 1995; 11:27-32.
- Jarosz M, Dzieniszewski J, Dabrowska-Ufniarz E, et al. Effects of high dose vitamin C treatment on Helicobacter pylori ingestion and total vitamin C concentration in gastric juice. Eur J Cancer Prev. 1998; 7:449-454.
- Jayachandran M, Panneerselvam C. Cellular immune responses to vitamin C supplementation in aging humans assessed by the in vitro leucocyte migration inhibition test. Med Sci Res 1998;26:227-30.
- Jin L, ChaoL, Chao J. Potassium supplement upregulates the expression of renal kalikrein and bradykinin B2 receptor in SHR. Am J Physiol. 1999; 276:F476-F484.
- Jones PJH, MacDougall DE, Ntanios F, Vanstone CA. Dietary phytosterols as cholesterol-lowering agents in humans. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 1997;75(3):217-227.
- Kelly GS. Larch arabinogalactan: clinical relevance of a novel immune-enhancing polysaccharide. Altern Med Rev 1999;4:96-103.
- Khaw K-T, Barrett-Conner E. Dietary potassium and stroke-associated mortality. N Engl J Med. 1987; 316:235-240.
- Krishna GG, Miller E, Kapoor S. Increased blood pressure during potassium depletion in normotensive men. N Eng J Med. 1989; 320:1177-1182.
- Kurbacher CM, Wagner U, Kolster B, et al. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) improves the antineoplastic activity of doxorubicin, cisplatin, and paclitaxel in human breast carcinoma cells in vitro. Cancer Letters. 1996; 103:183-189.
- Kwaselow A, Rowe M, Sears-Ewald D, Ownby D. Rose hips: a new occupational allergen. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1990; 85:704-708.Lykkesfeldt J, Christen S, Wallock LM, et al. Ascorbate is depleted by smoking and repleted by moderate supplementation: a study in male smokers and nonsmokers with matched dietary intakes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000; 71:530-536.
- Lee M-O, Han S-Y, Jiang S, et al. Differential effects of retinoic acid on growth and apoptosis in human colon cancer cell lines associated with the induction of retinoic acid receptor beta. Biochem Pharmacol. 2000; 59:485-496.
- Lesourd BM, Mazari L, Ferry M. The role of nutrition in immunity in the aged. Nutr Rev 1998;56:S113-S125.
- McCabe RD, Backarich MA, Srivastava K, Young DB. Potassium inhibits free radical formation. Hypertension. 1994; 24:77-82.
- McCabe RD, Young DB. Potassium inhibits cultural vascular smooth muscle proliferation. Am J Hypertens. 1994; 7:346-350.
- Moertel CG, Fleming TR, Creagan ET, et al. High-dose vitamin C versus placebo in the treatment of patients with advanced cancer who had no prior chemotherapy. A randomized double-blind comparison. N Engl J Med. 1985; 312:137-141.
- Mowat C, Carswell A, Wirz A, McColl KEL. Omeprazole and dietary nitrate independently affect levels of vitamin C and nitrite in gastric juice. Gastroenterology. 1999; 116:813-822.
- Ness AR, Chee D, Elliot P. Vitamin C and blood pressure—an overview. J Hum Hypertens. 1997; 11:343-350.
- Panda K, Chattopadhyay R, Ghosh MK, et al. Vitamin C prevents cigarette smoke induced oxidative damage of proteins and increased proteolysis. Free Rad Biol Med. 1999; 27:1064-1079.
- Park JB, Levine M. Intracellular accumulation of ascorbic acid is inhibited by flavonoids via blocking of dehydroascorbic acid and ascorbic acid uptakes in HL-60, U937 and Jurkat cells. J Nutr. 2000; 130:1297-1302.
- Pauling L. Evolution and the need for ascorbic acid. Proc Natl Acad SciUSA. 1970; 67:1643-1648.
- Pauling L. The significance of the evidence about ascorbic acid and the common cold. Proc Natl Acad SciUSA. 1971; 68:2678-2681.
- Penn ND, Purkins L, Kelleher J, Heatley RV, Mascie-Taylor BH, Belfield PW. The effect of dietary supplementation with vitamins A, C and E on cell- mediated immune function in elderly long-stay patients: a randomized controlled trial. Age Ageing 1991;20(3):169-174.
- Peters EM, Anderson R, Nieman DC, et al. Vitamin C supplementation attenuates the increases in circulating cortisol, adrenaline and anti-inflammatory polypeptides following ultramarathon running. Int J Sports Med 2001;22:537-43.
- Peters EM, Anderson R, Theron AJ. Attenuation of increase in circulating cortisol and enhancement of the acute phase protein response in vitamin C-supplemented ultramarathoners. Int J Sports Med 2001;22:120-6.
- Podmore ID, Griffiths HR, Herbert KE, et al. Vitamin C exhibits pro-oxidant effects. Nature. 1998; 392:559.
- Raitakari OT, Adams MR, McCredie RJ, et al. Oral vitamin C and endothelial function in smokers: short-term improvement, but no sustained beneficial effect. J Amer Coll Cardiol. 2000; 35:1616-1621.
- Rehman A, Collis CS, Yang M, et al. The effects of iron and vitamin C co-supplementation on oxidative damage to DNA in healthy volunteers. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998; 246:293-298.
- Rivas CI, Vera JC, Guaiquil VH, et al. Increased uptake and accumulation of Vitamin C in human immunodeficiency virus 1-infected hematopoietic cell lines. J Biol Chem. 1997; 272:5814-5820.
- Ross AC, Stephensen CB. Vitamin A and retinoids in antiviral responses. FASEB J. 1996; 10:979-985.
- Ross AC. Vitamin A and retinoids. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, Ross AC, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 9th ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins; 1999:305-327.
- Rowe DJ, Ko S, Tom XM, et al. Enhanced production of mineralized nodules and collagenous proteins in vitro by calcium ascorbate supplemented with vitamin C metabolites. J Periodontol. 1999; 70:992-929.
- Sakagami H, Satoh K, Hakeda Y, Kumegawa M. Apoptosis-inducing activity of vitamin C and vitamin K. Cell Mol Biol. 2000; 46:129-143.
- Satterlee DG, Aguilera-Quintana I, Munn BJ, Krautmann BA. Vitamin C amelioration of the adrenal stress response in broiler chickens being prepared for slaughter. Comp Biochem Physiol A 1989;94:569-74.
- Schwartz J, Weiss ST. Dietary factors and their relation to respiratory symptoms. The Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Am J Epidemiol. 1990;132:67-76. West KP Jr, Pokhrel RP, Katz J, et al. Efficacy of vitamin A in reducing preschool child mortality in Nepal. Lancet. 1991; 338:67-71.
- Semba RD. The role of vitamin A and related retinoids in immune function. Nutr Rev. 1998 Jan;56(1 Pt 2):S38-48.
- Semba RD. Vitamin A and immunity to viral, bacterial and protozoan infections. Proc Nutr Soc. 1999 Aug;58(3):719-27.
- Semba RD. Vitamin A, immunity, and infection. Clin Infect Dis. 1994 Sep;19(3):489-99.
- Simon JA, Hudes ES. Relationship of ascorbic acid to blood lead levels. J Amer Med Assoc. 1999; 281:2298-2293.
- Simon JA, Hudes ES. Serum ascorbic acid and gallbladder disease prevalence among US adults. The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). Arch Intern Med. 2000; 160:931-936.
- Skaper SD, Fabris M, Ferrari V, et al. quercetin protects cutaneous tissue-associated cell types including sensory neurons from oxidative stress induced by glutathione depletion: cooperative effects of ascorbic acid. Free Rad Biol Med. 1997; 22:669-678.
- Sohlenius-Sternbeck A-K, Appelkvist E-L, De Pierre JW. Effects of vitamin A deficiency on selected xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes and defenses against oxidative stress in mouse liver. Biochem Pharmacol. 2000; 59:377-383.
- Sugimoto K, Tobian L, Ishimutsu T, Lange JM. High potassium diets greatly increase growth-inhibiting agents in aortas of hypertensive rats. Hypertension. 1992; 19:749-752.
- Sugimoto T, Tobian L, Ganguli MC. High potassium diets protect against dysfunction of endothelial cells in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. Hypertension. 1988:11:579-585.
- Taddei S, Virdis A, Ghiadoni L, et al. Vitamin C improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation by restoring nitric oxide activity in essential hypertension. Circulation. 1998; 97:2222-2229.
- Tannen RL. Effects of potassium on blood pressure control. Ann Intern Med. 1983; 98(part 2):773-780.
- Thurnham DI. Micronutrients and immune function: some recent developments. J Clin Pathol. 1997 Nov;50(11):887-91.
- Tobian L. Salt and hypertension. Lessons from animal models that relate to human hypertension. Hypertension. 1991; 17:152-158.
- Tsukaguchi H, Tokui T, Mackenzie B, et al. A family of mammalian Na+-dependent L-ascorbic acid transporters. Nature. 1999; 399:70-75.
- Underwood BA, Arthur P. The contribution of vitamin A to public health. FASEB J. 1996; 10:1040-1048
- Valkonen MM, Kuusi T. Vitamin C prevents the acute atherogenic effects of passive smoking. Free Rad Biol Med. 2000; 28:428-436.
- Van Hooser JP, Aleman TS, He Y-G, et al. Rapid restoration of visual pigment and function with oral retinoid in a mouse model of childhood blindness. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2000; 97:8623-8628.
- Verlangieri AJ, Fay MJ, Bannon AW. Comparison of L-ascorbic acid and Ester C in the non-ascorbate synthesizing Osteogenic Disorder Shionogi (ODS) rat. Life Sci. 1991; 48:2275-2281.
- WangY, Mackenzie B, Tsukaguchi H, et al. Human vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) transporter SVCT1. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000; 267:488-494.
- West SG, Light KC, Hinderliter AL, et al. Potassium supplementation induces beneficial cardiovascular changes during rest and stress in salt sensitive individuals. Health Psychol. 1999; 18:229-240.
- Whelton PK, He J, Cutler JA, et al. Effects of oral potassium on blood pressure. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical triglyceride trials. JAMA. 1997; 277:1624-1632.
- Young DB, Lin H, McCabe RD. Potassium's cardiovascular protective mechanisms. Am J Physiol. 1995; 268:R825-R837.
- Young DB, Ma G. Vascular protective effects of potassium. Semin Nephrol. 1999; 19:477-486
- Zhang HM, Wakisaka N, Maeda O, Yamamoto T. Vitamin C inhibits the growth of a bacterial risk factor for gastric carcinoma: Helicobacter pylori. Cancer. 1997; 80:1897-1903.
- Zhou MS, Nishida Y, Yoneyama H, et al. Potassium supplementation increases sodium excretion in hypertensive Dahl rats. Clin Exp Hypertens. Agus DB, Gambhir SS, Pardridge WM, et al. Vitamin C crosses the blood-brain barrier in the oxidized form through the glucose transporters. J Clin Invest. 1997; 100:2842-2848.
- Zhou X, Xie M, Niu C, Sun R. The effects of dietary vitamin C on growth, liver vitamin C and serum cortisol in stressed and unstressed juvenile soft-shelled turtles (Pelodiscus sinensis). Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2003;135:263-70.
- Zollinger PE, Tuinebreijer WE, Kreis RW, Breederveld RS. Effect of vitamin C on frequency of reflex sympathetic dystrophy in wrist fractures: a randomized trial. Lancet. 1999; 354:2025-2028.